Without doubt, trees provide us fresh air as well it naturally decorates our landscape, but sometimes it’s necessary to cut them down. Some individuals are unaware that in order to reduce tree hazards, protect other trees, or to get some wood, it is essentially to cut trees.
However, cutting down a tree is an extremely dangerous task, and isn’t easy, especially if it’s a tall one.
And to a cut a tree, you’ll need a Chainsaw. This is perhaps the most important piece of equipment you’ll need.
Chainsaw is a powerful tool when you want to cut down a tree and chop up a tree. Cutting down or felling a tree with chainsaws takes planning and should be well thought through.
To cut a tree means more than just cutting it down. Cutting a tree literally means causing a tree to fall down by cutting it with a chainsaw. In other words, it means to cut the tree in such a way that it falls in the desired direction.
Before cutting a tree, you must understand that SAFETY is the most essential aspect to this dangerous task. If you are a beginner, it is a good idea to have someone who have experience to help you with. However, If the tree that you’d like to cut is relatively small, it may be possible to finish the task yourself.
Whether the tree you are planning to cut is a small tree or a massive one, you need to keep safety in mind at all times. So the first and possibly most important step is to be prepared… and SAFE.
Step 1: Prepare all the things you’ll need. Prepare your chainsaw, hard hat, eye and ear protection since flying debris can seriously harm your eyes when cutting with a chainsaw, and a good pair of safety gloves and boots, it is recommended that you use either knee-high safety boots or wear any heavy leg protectors. You might also need a very sturdy ladder and rope that is roughly three times longer than your tree is high particularly if the is relatively tall.
Step 2: Eliminate or minimize exposure to potential dangers in the surrounding area. Determine the direction the tree will fall. Check the area for dangers. Think about your and other’s safety to prevent accident when preparing to cut a tree.
Look at where the tree is located and what objects are around it. Obviously, you need to avoid houses or anything important. Also, you must choose a direction that allows the tree to fall without any of its limbs getting hung up on other trees since making a tree fall can have a domino effect on other trees and could fall in an unexpected way, so it is ideal to think all possible scenarios before cutting. Lastly, look for structures wires, landscaping or anything else that could get damaged by the falling tree.
Step 3. . Cut down any branches you can reach. Cut them from the top using a downward stroke. Keep in mind that it is dangerous to a cut tree anything at a level higher than your shoulders.
Step 4: Cut the tree Properly. Cutting down a tree involves only 3 cuts. The horizontal cut, this is the part where the tree falls perpendicularly. The other one is the Wedge cut, it’s the V-shape cut is attained by cutting a scarf or notch into the side of the tree facing your drop zone. The last one is the Back cut, it’s the cut horizontally from the opposite side of the notch. While cutting a tree, you need to stand in a way that provides upper-body support while your feet should be spread slightly further than shoulder-length, which will help your upper body support the saw.
Important: Plan escape path before making each cut in case something goes wrong while cutting down the tree. Also never work in wet conditions (during or after rains) when using an electric chainsaw. You should try to choose a calm day, with as little wind is possible. Cut with a partner if possible and keep a cell phone nearby in case of accident.
Make a top cut into the trunk of the tree at 70-degree cut downward at least 1/3 of the diameter of the tree up to the trunk on the side of the tree in the direction you want the tree to fall.
For the Wedge cut. Make a 20-degree angle cut in an upward direction so the two cuts meet at a right angle, creating a wedge. This notch should be knee-height and cut to the center of the tree. The produced cut should look like a slice of cake.
The Back cut is the final cut. Your final cut should be made on the opposite side of the tree, parallel to the ground and towards the wedge. It should be at least 1.5 inches above the horizontal cut comes in horizontally from the opposite of the notch. Keep in mind that your objective is to leave a hinge (uncut part that steers the tree in the direction you require) that is equal to about 1/10 of the diameter of the tree. The hinge stops the tree from falling down, but as soon as you cut the hinge, the tree will immediately fall down. Important tip: It is a good idea to pause halfway and assess the situation.
Keep your eyes on the falling tree. Sometimes, you may need to hammer the felling wedge into place to get the tree to fall. As soon as the tree starts to move, immediately escape the area. In the event that the tree doesn’t fall or gets caught on another tree, start pulling the tree using the rope until the tree falls. Never stand directly behind a falling tree and not to approach the tree with a chainsaw if it fails to falll
The tree is now on the ground, start cutting it into pieces.